Saturday, September 4, 2010

TUGUEGARAO CITY

About Tuguegarao

Tuguegarao City is a 1st class city in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. It is the City Capital of Cagayan, Region's education and commercial center and the Regional Capital of Region 2. It is located on a peninsula in the Cagayan Valley. It is sheltered by the Sierra Madre Mountains in the East; Cordilleras in the West; and, the Caraballo Mountains in the South. It grew on the banks of the Cagayan River and the Pinacanauan River, near the southern border of the province.

Envisioned to be the City of Excellence for Education, Commerce, Trade and Culture and as the Economic Center of Region 02, Tuguegarao City continuously aims for outstanding performance and competence in administration, citizen participation, community and economic development, cultural arts, education, fiscal management, infrastructure, intergovernmental cooperation, planning, public safety, recreation and leisure services, social services, and technology.

The current population is 129,539 as of the 2007 Census. Most people are Ybanags, Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Itawis, Pampangos and other ethniticities. Some are also of Chinese and Hindu descent.

The highest recorded temperature in the Philippines and of the Western Pacific Region was in Tuguegarao on April 29, 1912 at 42.2°C (108°F)[1]. Average temperature during March and April is 38°C, one of the highest in the country for years.

Barangays

Tuguegarao City is politically subdivided into 49 barangays.

* Annafunan East
* Annafunan West
* Atulayan Norte
* Atulayan Sur
* Bagay
* Buntun
* Caggay
* Capatan
* Carig Norte (Reyes)
* Carig Sur (Carig)
* Caritan Centro
* Caritan Norte
* Caritan Sur
* Cataggaman Nuevo
* Cataggaman Pardo
* Cataggaman Viejo
* Centro 1 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 2 (Poblacion)
* Centro 3 (Poblacion)
* Centro 4 (Poblacion)
* Centro 5 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 6 (Poblacion)
* Centro 7 (Poblacion)
* Centro 8 (Poblacion)
* Centro 9 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 10 (Riverside)
* Centro 11 (Balzain East)
* Centro 12 (Balzain West)
* Dadda
* Gosi Norte
* Gosi Sur
* Larion Alto
* Larion Bajo
* Leonarda
* Libag Norte
* Libag Sur
* Linao East
* Linao Norte
* Linao West
* Namabbalan Norte
* Namabbalan Sur
* Pallua Norte
* Pallua Sur
* Pengue-Ruyu
* San Gabriel
* Tagga
* Tanza
* Ugac Norte
* Ugac Sur

Through the ordinance of the city government, the following will be the new barangays of Tuguegarao City:

* Centro 1 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 2 (Poblacion)
* Centro 3 (Poblacion)
* Centro 4 (Poblacion)
* Centro 5 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 6 (Poblacion)
* Centro 7 (Poblacion)
* Centro 8 (Poblacion)
* Centro 9 (Bagumbayan)
* Centro 10 (Riverside)
* Centro 11 (Balzain East)
* Centro 12 (Balzain West)
* Centro 13(Caritan Centro)
* Centro 14(San Gabriel)
* Centro 15 (Buntun)
* Centro 16 (Ugac Sur)
* Centro 17 (Ugac Norte)
* Centro 18 (Leonarda)
* Centro 19 (Caggay)
* Centro 20 (Tanza)
* Centro 21 (Pengue-Ruyu)
* Centro 22 (Carig-Regional Center)
* Centro 23 (Carig Norte)
* Caritan Norte(Barangay 25)
* Caritan Sur(Barangay 24)
* Annafunan East(Barangay 29)
* Annafunan West(Barangay 28)
* Atulayan Norte(Barangay 27)
* Atulayan Sur(Barangay 26)
* Linao East(Barangay 32)
* Linao Norte(Barangay 31)
* Linao West(Barangay 30)
* Bagay (Barangay 33)
* Pallua Sur(Barangay 34)
* Pallua Norte(Barangay 35)
* Cattaggaman Nuevo(Barangay 36)
* Cattaggaman Viejo(Barangay 37)
* Cattaggaman Pardo(Barangay 38)
* Dadda(Barangay 41)
* Gosi Norte(Barangay 40)
* Gosi Sur(Barangay 39)
* Larion Alto(Barangay 42)
* Larion Bajo(Barangay 43)
* Libag Norte(Barangay 45)
* Libag Sur(Barangay 44)
* Namabbalan Norte(Barangay 49)
* Namabbalan Sur(Barangay 48)
* Tagga(Barangay 46)
* Capatan(Barangay 47)

Goal of the City Government to make the city a Highly Urbanized City in 10-year period. Developing Tuguegarao Together

HISTORY

Origin of Name

There are several versions looming about the origin of the name of the city of Tuguegarao. One is the abundance of "tarrao" trees in the area. Another is "garrao" meaning swift current, possibly of the Pinacanauan River. Another is from the word "tuggui" meaning fire. Another recorded version is, the town was formerly called Twerao by the people of the northern towns. Still another is that the name Tuguegarao comes from two Ibanag words "tuggui" (fire) and "aggao" (day), possibly referring to a daytime fire that happened in the town. The most accepted version is the Ibanag reply to Spaniards, "Tuggui gari yaw." meaning "This used to be fire." or the town was carved out of the wilderness by clearing and burning. [2] This is the reason why the city is known to be "The Fire City".

Founding of the Town

It was a small settlement, in terms of population but was big in territory until 1850s. It was governed as a barangay until the Spaniards gave it the status of mission pueblo established May 9, 1604, making it one of the political units of the province of Cagayan, which then included all the territory which later became the province of Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino.

As a mission-pueblo and with assigned encomenderos to Tuguegarao, the inhabitants were made to pay taxes in the form of poultry products and other foodstuffs. Resentment flared. The people of Tuguegarao revolted in 1605, killing the encomendero. Again, the people of Tuguegarao revolted in 1718 and then 1761 with a leader named Rivera.

Tuguegarao in the 1980s and 1990s

The year 1983 marked the quadricentennial celebration of the establishment of the Civil Government of the Province of Cagayan. In the week long celebration held in Tuguegarao, several Ministers visited the town and province.

New barangays had been formed, so that by 1981, Tuguegarao had 49 barangays, 12 of which were urban. The late 1980s saw the gradual expansion of the urban core of Tuguegarao to the outlying barangays of Ugac, Caritan and Atulayan. With the fast rising prices of real estate in the Poblacion. Residents found it very profitable to sell their houses and lots in the Poblacion and to buy lots in the barangay surrounding the Poblacion, so that they would still be near the market, the schools, their offices and business, the church, the stores and recreation spots.

By 1980, Tuguegarao had a population of 73,507. The increase in population could be attributed to various factors. One is the increasing peace and order problems in the other towns in the region, driving the people to Tuguegarao, which relatively is free of the insurgency problem with the visible presence of the military and due to the town's geographic location. Another factor is the presence of the schools, whose quality of education is highly comparable to that of Metropolitan Manila. Others come because of trade and industry. Another reason is the completion of the Maharlika Highway, which made Region 02 more accessible. Of very great consideration is the town's tremendous improvement in social services and infrastructure facilities since 1975.

Tuguegarao's sky line has greatly changed over the years. In the 1980s and 1990s, there are multi-story buildings in the Poblacion, landscaped schools and homes, cable television, air-conditioned buses, jet flights, telegraph and telex services, door-to-door delivery services, domestic and overseas long-distance calls, luxurious social amenities and other trappings of a highly urbanized town.

Further Development
The city developed gradually, then more rapidly after the provincial capital was transferred from Lallo, in 1839. It was occupied by American troops on December 12, 1899.

During World War II, the city was captured by the Japanese on December 8, 1941, and its airfield was of some significance; the city and airfield were bombed by the US and Philippine regularly between January and May 1945. The Japanese had left by the time Filipino guerrillas helped by entering the town of the Philippine Commonwealth troops came in early June; the town was officially liberated on June 25, 1945.

Tuguegarao was once the only first class municipality in the province of Cagayan. It has served as the provincial capital of Cagayan since 1893 because of the notable socio-economic progress of the town. In 1975, having adequate facilities and amenities aside from being the region's geographic center and having capabilities of serving as the administrative seat of government for the region, Tuguegarao was declared the regional capital of Region II (Cagayan Valley).

The city also boasts colonial buildings like the Saints Peter and Paul Metropolitan Cathedral built in 1761 to 1766 under the supervision of the Spanish Dominicans who came to evangelize Cagayan Valley. The Diocese of Tuguegarao was created by Pope Pius X on December 6, 1911. The cathedral edifice suffered destruction during World War II and as a result lost its pipe organ, three wooden retablos, pulpit,wooden choir loft and the painted wooden ceiling all of which were approximately from the early 18th century. The old convent adjacent to the cathedral church was also razed to the ground during the war and was demolished to make way for a new one. The cathedral was rebuilt by the Belgian Mons. Constance Jurgens. The traditional ringing of the cathedral bells for the Angelus and during Mass is still being practiced today. The oldest brick structure is also found in the city. The Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto dedicated to Saint Hyacinth is the first parochial building to be built by the Dominican fathers in Tuguegarao. The current structure is the latest in a process of rebuilding beginning in 1724 until 1892 when it was rebuilt after being destroyed in an earthquake. The chapel wasn't damaged during the war and as a result retains its original wooden retablo which dates back to the 18th century.

Tuguegarao as a component city was affirmed in a plebiscite held on December 18, 1999, with Randolph Sera Ting as the first city mayor. As of July 2, 2007, Delfin Telan Ting (who was then a municipal mayor from 1988 to 1998) has been elected to become the 2nd city mayor.

Pav-vurulun Festival
Pav-vurulun Festival is celebrated from August 10-16. Pav-vurulun is an Ibanag word which means get-together or a sense of belongingness. It is in this context that Tuguegarao City annually celebrates its patronal fiesta. It gathers TuguegaraoeƱos to a weeklong festivities culminating with a mass and procession of the patron saint on August 16. The patronal fiesta is in honor of St. Hyacinth, the city's patron saint.

The week-long celebration is dubbed as a festival of activities. It is marked by parades, beauty contest, pancit eating contest, street dancing contest from the different schools of the city, music festival, sports fest, and trade fairs among others.

Education
Universities and Colleges

There are several universities and colleges that reside in the city. Majority of the universities and colleges of the Province of Cagayan are in Tuguegarao. Hence, because of the presence of many universities that are situated in the city, Tuguegarao City is considered to be the University Belt of Region 02. The following are the universities and colleges:

* AMA Computer University (Tuguegarao Campus)
* Credo Domine College
* John Wesley College
* Cagayan State University (Andrews Campus)
* Cagayan State University (Carig Campus)
* Central Colleges of the North
* City Technological Institute
* Florencio L. Vargas College (Main Campus)
* Florencio L. Vargas College (New Site Campus)
* Maila Rosario College
* Metropolitan Institute of Technology
* MCNP College
* Saint Paul University Philippines
* STI College Tuguegarao
* University of Cagayan Valley (Main Campus)
* University of Cagayan Valley (New Site Campus)
* University of Saint Louis - Tuguegarao City

Moreover, the City Government of Tuguegarao is planning to establish a public higher institution to cater the growing population of students which will be called Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Tuguegarao (University of the City of Tuguegarao). Hence, there are numerous technological institutes and vocational institutes that are in the city. The TESDA offers short-term courses to all Cagayanos.

High Schools


There are many public and private schools here in Tuguegarao.

* Cagayan National High School
* Cataggaman National High School
* Florencio L. Vargas College High School Department
* Gosi National High School
* John Wesley College High School Department
* Linao National High School
* Our Lady of Perpetual Help Montessori School (High School)
* St. Paul University Philippines High School Department
* Tuguegarao City Science High School
* University of Cagayan Valley High School Department
* University of St. Louis High School Department

Elementary

* Annafunan Elementary School
* Arnulfo Interior and Carol Doctolero Montessori
* Atulayan Elementary School
* Bagay Elementary School
* Buntun Elementary School
* Capatan Elementary School
* Carig Elementary School
* Carig Norte Primary School
* Caritan Norte Elementary School
* Cataggaman Elementary School
* Cataggaman Nuevo Primary Schoo
* Dadda Primary School
* Fatima Montessori
* Florencio L. Vargas College Grade School Department
* Gosi Elementary School
* Kebing School
* Larion Alto Elementary School
* Larion Bajo Elementary School
* Leonarda-Pengue-Ruyu Elementary School
* Libag Elementary School
* Linao Elementary School
* Methodist Christian School
* Montessori de Cagayan
* Namabbalan Elementary School
* Our Lady of Perpetual Help Montessori School (Grade School)
* Pallua Elementary School
* Pardo Elementary School (Cataggaman Pardo)
* San Gabriel Elementary School
* Tagga-Dadda Elementary School
* St. Clare Montessori School
* St. Paul University Philippines Grade School Department
* Tuguegarao Central School
* Tuguegarao East Central School
* Tuguegarao North Central School
* Tuguegarao Northeast Central School
* Tuguegarao West Central School
* Ugac Sur Elementary School
* University of Cagayan Valley Grade School Department
* University of St. Louis Grade School Department

Daycare Centers

Tuguegarao City has 63 Barangay Daycare Centers. Currently, there are about 3,000 Daycare Pupils who are under the program. Moreover, there are also several privately operated daycare centers that are scattered in the city.

Specialized Education

Far East Christian Deaf Academy provides education from pre-school to middle school operated and funded by the Church of the Living God at Sharon Village, Barangay Cataggaman Nuevo. The University of Saint Louis of Tuguegarao also has an elementary school program for the hearing impaired.

International Students

Students from China, Congo, India, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Korea have come to study at St. Paul University Philippines and Cagayan State University. Most of the international students have come to study degrees such as Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Bachelor of Science in Biology, Bachelor of Secondary Education and Doctor of Medicine.

Television Networks

* ABS-CBN: Channel 3
* GMA Network: Channel 7
* RJTV: Channel 9
* National Broadcasting Network: Channel 13
* ACQ-Kingdom Broadcasting Network: Channel 33

Transportation

Daily flights to Tuguegarao from Manila are available via Cebu Pacific and Airphil Express. Duration of the flight is from 45 minutes to one (1) hour.

Tuguegarao City can also be reached using buses with en route to Tuguegarao City, Baggao, Aparri, and also Santiago City. These includes buses which offers services like Sleeper (GV Florida Transport only), Super De Luxe, De Luxe, Airconditioned, and Ordinary Fare.

* Armel Bus Line
* Autobus Transportation Systems Inc.
* Baliwag Transit Inc.
* Ballesteros Bus Line Corporation
* Cal Trans.
* Dagupan Bus Co. Inc.
* Dangwa Transco (Baguio to Tuguegarao City only)
* Dalin Bus Corp.
* EMC Trans.
* GMW Florida Transport Inc (Ilocos to Tuguegarao City only)
* GV Florida Transport Inc.
* Lallo Bus Line
* Lizardo Transit
* Nelbusco
* Northstar Transport
* REM Liner
* Victory Liner Inc.


Article source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuguegarao_City

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